Waves and Particles

Anderson Hung 2021

"In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the spirit of God was hovering over the waters." (Ge 1:1-2)


Day 1  Darkness and Light
"...he separated the light from the darkness." (Ge 1:3) "God called the light 'day' and the darkness he called 'night.' And there was evening, and there was morning - the first day." (Ge 1:5)

The Wavelengths of Visible Light
We can see light with wavelengths between 400 and 700 nanometers from color violet to red.

Electromagnetic Waves
Light is electromagnetic waves that carry photon particles. Electromagnetic waves are produced by a varying electric field and magnetic field at right angles to one another. Photon is a massless quantum particle of light. Red light generates more heat than other lights.

e   electric field
m  magnetic field
p   photon

The Earth rotates clockwise through 360 degrees every 24 hours.


Day 2  Water and Air
"So God made the expanse and separated the water under the expanse from the water above it..." (Ge 1:7)

Water particles when heated rise up to the sky. Air particles have no bonds with each other and therefore expand to fill up the expanse.


Day 3  Land and Plants
"And God said, 'Let the water under the sky be gathered to one place, and let dry ground appear.' And it was so." (Ge 1:9)

"Then God said, 'Let the land produce vegetation: seed-bearing plants and trees on the land that bear fruit with seed in it, according to their various kinds.' And it was so." (Ge 1:11)

Lands were formed due to a series of volcanic activities undersea. Plants require light for the process of photosynthesis to generate energy. The propagation of seeds is facilitated by wind or water.

The Land-to-Water Ratio on Earth
The land-to-water ratio on Earth is about 30 percent land to 70 percent water.


Day 4  The Sun, the Moon and the Stars
"And God said,'Let there be lights in the expanse of the sky to separate the day from the night, and let them serve as signs to mark seasons and days and years,'" (Ge 1:14) "God made two great lights - the greater light to govern the day and the lesser light to govern the night. He also made the stars." (Ge 1:16)

Gravitational Pull
The Sun, Earth and Moon constitute a three-body system. The Earth revolves an elliptical orbit around the Sun every 365.25 days and the Moon revolves around the Earth every 28 days. We can regard this as two two-body systems. The Sun enormous gravitational pull keeps all the planets in their orbits. The Moon pulls on the Earth's water every 12 hours and 26 minutes and sometimes even the Sun pulls.

The Earth's Magnetic Field
The Earth is a giant magnet. Its magnetic field arises from a churning sphere of molten iron and nickel that moves up and down by convection deep in the planet. The Earth's inner core is a solid ball of fiercely hot iron. The Earth's magnet field keeps our atmosphere in place and it also protects us from intense solar radiation and solar wind.

The Earth's Axis
It is an imaginary line that runs from the North Pole to the South Pole. It is tilted by 23.5 degrees to create seasons.

True North and Magnetic North
True North is a fixed point in the globe whereas the Earth's Magnetic North Pole shifts and changes over time. The Magnetic North Pole is currently located in the Baffin Island region of Canada. On the west coast of the United States, the compass direction lies between 10-16 degrees east of True North. In locations of the east coast, the magnetic declination is about 10-13 degrees west. The Geographic North Pole differs from the Magnetic North Pole by about 500 kilometers.


Day 5  Fish and Birds
"So God created the great creatures of the sea and every living and moving thing with which the water teems, according to their kind, and every winged bird according to its kind..." (Ge 1:21)

Multiplication and Migration
Humpback whales migrate annually along the ocean currents, feeding in Arctic waters during summers, and mating and calving in tropical and subtropical environs.

Ocean Currents
N  Northern Hemisphere
S  Southern Hemisphere
E  Equator

Pelicans, geese, swans, swallows, and doves migrate every year to warmer climate in the winter. Tiny particles of mineral magnetite (lodestone), an iron oxide, have been found within part of the homing pigeons beaks. It is suggested they align to the Earth's magnetic field for navigation. Storks will fly away every year from the winter in Denmark to Egypt. Perhaps they follow the Sun's path across the sky.

A  loose and random magnetite
B  lined-up magnetite

The monarch butterflies migrate annually from the eastern US and southern Canada to central Mexico.


Day 6  Animals and Man
"God made the wild animals according to their kinds, livestock according to their kinds, and all the creatures that move along the ground according to their kinds." (Ge 1:25)

"And the Lord God formed man from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and man became a living being." (Ge 2:7)

"So the Lord God caused the man to fall into a deep sleep; and while he was sleeping, he took one of the man's ribs and closed up the place with flesh. Then the Lord God made a woman from the rib he had taken out of the man." (Ge 2:21-22)

"The Lord then said to Noah, 'Go into the ark, you and your whole family, because I have found you righteous in this generation. Take with you seven of every kind of clean animal, a male and its mate, and two of every kind of unclean animal, a male and its mate, and also seven of every kind of bird, male and female, to keep their various kinds alive throughout the earth.'" (Ge 7:1-3)

Animal Migration
Many species including humans move from one environment to another in response to seasonal changes in weather, food and water supply, predation conditions, or other factors.


Day 7  A Holy Day
"By the seventh day God had finished the work he had been doing; so on the seventh day he rested from all his work." (Ge 2:2)


The Last Day
Every animal including human has a brain and a body. The electrical activity of the cerebral cortex is expressed as brain waves. God formed man from the dust particles of the ground. When we die, our body will be reduced back to dust particles of the ground but our brain waves will leave the body and will never die.

The Star of Bethlehem
"After Jesus was born in Bethlehem in Judea during the time of King Herod, Magi from the east came to Jerusalem and asked, 'Where is the one who has been born king of the Jews? We saw his star in the east and have come to worship him.'" (Mt 2:1-2)

A star whose mass is more than 1.5 times that of the Sun will end its life as a small dense star called a pulsar. They emit radio waves which are received on Earth as regular, rapid pulses. The pulse rate slows down as the neutron star ages.

Where are you?
Where are your brain waves heading to when you die?

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Last Modified: 12.31.21